New York felony convictions are crimes that result in at least one year in jail. The law divides felonies into classes depending on the severity of the crime.
Before facing a criminal court date in New York, understand the types of charges that could carry a long prison sentence.
Class A felonies
The state further divides this category into A-I and A-II. Both categories can result in life in prison. A-II felonies include second-degree controlled substance use or possession and predatory sexual assault. Class A-I felonies include:
- Major trafficking offenses
- First-degree controlled substance use or possession
- Chemical weapon possession
- Aggravated murder
Class A-I felonies have a minimum sentence of 15 to 40 years depending on the crime. For Class A-II felonies, the minimum term ranges from three to eight years.
Class B felonies
This category carries a maximum sentence of 25 years in prison. New York further designates Class B felonies as either violent or nonviolent offenses. The latter category includes:
- White-collar crimes such as conspiracy, insurance fraud, mortgage fraud and bribery
- Aggravated vehicular homicide
- First-degree criminal mischief
- First-degree stolen property possession
- Grand larceny
- Welfare fraud
- Third-degree sale of a controlled substance, including sale to a child or on school grounds
- First-degree manufacture of methamphetamine
- First-degree money laundering, including support of terrorist activities
Examples of violent Class B felonies include:
- First-degree assault, including gang assault and assault on a police officer
- Second-degree attempted murder
- First-degree attempted kidnapping
- Second-degree kidnapping
- First-degree attempted arson
- Second-degree attempted arson
- First-degree burglary
- First-degree witness intimidation
- First-degree robbery
- Second-degree possession or first-degree use of a chemical weapon
In addition to these sentencing guidelines, factors such as criminal history impact the final penalty the judge will impose. Knowing how to navigate the court system and adhering to the instructions you receive will help you protect your rights as a serious criminal defendant in New York.