New York law handles burglary, larceny and robbery in different ways. This is because they are, in reality, very different crimes. The average person may not know that.
Today we will take a look at the difference between robbery and burglary in specific. It is important for people facing charges to understand what they are up against, after all.
What is burglary?
Rasmussen College takes a look into robbery and burglary. They define both along with a few other common crimes. They point out that burglaries and robberies often end up conflated with one another. This is because both contain elements of theft, or larceny. Theft is a different crime. Theft is the criminal act of taking the property or service of another with no intent to return the item or pay them.
First, we have burglary. Burglary is the act of entering property that does not belong to you. You must enter with the intention to commit a crime. This crime is often theft, but that is not always the case. There are two important things to note here. First, you do not have to commit a crime for a burglary charge. You must have had the intention to do so, and that is it. Next, you do not need to force entry for a burglary charge. If you enter private property through an open door or window, it still counts.
What is robbery?
Next, there is robbery. The key to robbery is that it must involve the use of threats or force. In other words, burglary is a personal interaction between individuals. Theft may occur without any in-person confrontation. This is not the case for robbery. Examples include robbing a bank or an ATM.
These charges have vastly different penalties. They have different levels of severity. Courts judge them in different ways. You must know this if facing any related charges.